Rise in obesity relates to rise in high-risk pregnancies
A review by an international team of doctors, based at the Center for Reproductive Health at MetroHealth has been undertaken to further our understanding of the worldwide impact of obesity on pregnancy. The team focused on the clinical management of obesity in pregnancy and how to reduce risks to mother and child. There are no standard guidelines on this management, however all pregnant women are recommended to follow a healthy diet and to consider at least half an hour of moderate physical activity per day. However, the team identified obese pregnant women as representing a relatively new high risk population that will call for the development of additional tools to reduce these risks.
The team suggest that clinicians working with overweight and obese women of childbearing age must offer pre-conception weight management to improve overall metabolic health and decrease the risks of early pregnancy loss. Furthermore, women should be instructed on how to maintain a healthy weight once pregnant. The study also suggested that clinicians should regularly screen for foetal abnormalities as well as for maternal complications such as gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia. The team also believe that the post-partum period is one of the most important when it comes to weight management, as it may decrease the risks in the next pregnancy. However, overall the team are looking to delve deeper into the complications of maternal obesity in pregnancy, so they can develop more effective management plans.
If you would be interested in learning more about the affect of obesity on reproductive health, follow this link.